Alparslan Buyuk Selcuklu Season 1 Episode 19 with English Subtitles
The Great Seljuks were a powerful dynasty that ruled over the Middle East for centuries. At the center of this dynasty was Alp Arslan, a brilliant military strategist and ruler who led his people to great heights of glory.
The Early Years of Alp Arslan:
Alp Arslan was born in the city of Rey in 1029, which is now located in modern-day Iran. He was the son of Chaghri Beg, a prince of the Oghuz Turks, and the nephew of Tughril Beg, who was the founder of the Seljuk Empire.
As a child, Alp Arslan was trained in the arts of war and leadership, alongside his cousins and other members of the Seljuk royal family. He proved himself to be a natural leader and a skilled warrior, quickly rising through the ranks of the Seljuk military.
In 1059, Alp Arslan married the daughter of the Abbasid caliph, which strengthened his position as the heir to the Seljuk throne. When his uncle Tughril Beg died in 1063, Alp Arslan succeeded him as the Sultan of the Seljuk Empire.
From the beginning of his reign, Alp Arslan was focused on expanding the Seljuk Empire’s territory and consolidating his power. He launched a series of campaigns against the Byzantine Empire and the Fatimid Caliphate, two powerful rivals of the Seljuks. In 1064, he captured the city of Ani, which was a major stronghold of the Byzantine Empire in the region.
Alp Arslan’s military campaigns were highly successful, and he quickly established himself as one of the most powerful rulers in the region. However, he was also known for his wisdom and his compassion. He was a devout Muslim who was deeply committed to the teachings of the Quran, and he worked hard to ensure that his people were treated fairly and justly.
Despite his many successes, Alp Arslan’s reign was cut short by tragedy. In 1072, he was assassinated by a member of his own court, ending his brief but highly successful tenure as Sultan of the Seljuk Empire. Despite his untimely death, however, Alp Arslan is remembered as one of the most important and influential figures in the history of the Middle East.
The Rise of the Great Seljuks:
After the death of Tughril Beg, Alp Arslan became the Sultan of the Seljuk Empire in 1055. He inherited a powerful and expanding empire, but also faced a number of challenges in consolidating his power and expanding his territory.
Alp Arslan was a skilled military commander and strategist, and he quickly set about expanding the reach of his empire. He launched a series of campaigns against neighboring powers, including the Byzantine Empire and the Fatimid Caliphate. In 1063, he captured the city of Isfahan, which was a major center of power in the region.
However, Alp Arslan’s most significant victory came in 1071, when he led the Seljuk army to a decisive victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert. This battle marked the beginning of the Seljuk expansion into Anatolia, which would eventually lead to the establishment of the Sultanate of Rum.
With his victory at Manzikert, Alp Arslan was able to establish the Seljuk Empire as the dominant power in the region. He continued to launch campaigns against neighboring powers, expanding the Seljuk territory and consolidating his power.
However, Alp Arslan’s reign was cut short by tragedy. In 1072, he was assassinated by a member of his own court, leaving the Seljuk Empire to his son, Malik Shah. Despite his untimely death, however, Alp Arslan’s legacy as a skilled military commander and strategist, and his contribution to the rise of the Great Seljuks, continue to be remembered and celebrated in the history of the Middle East.
The Reign of Alp Arslan:
Alp Arslan was not only a skilled warrior and military commander, but also a wise and just ruler. He was beloved by his people for his efforts to improve their lives and promote prosperity throughout his empire.
One of Alp Arslan’s key achievements was his encouragement of trade and commerce. He recognized that a strong economy was essential to the stability and growth of his empire, and he took steps to promote trade and commerce both within and outside of his territories. He built new roads and bridges to connect distant regions, and he established trade agreements with neighboring powers to facilitate the flow of goods and services.
Alp Arslan was also committed to education and intellectual pursuits. He established schools and universities throughout his empire, and he invited scholars and thinkers from all over the world to share their knowledge and ideas. Under his patronage, many great poets, writers, and artists flourished, and the arts and sciences experienced a period of great growth and creativity.
Despite his many accomplishments, Alp Arslan faced a number of challenges during his reign. He had to navigate complex political alliances and rivalries, and he faced threats from external powers who sought to challenge his authority. Nevertheless, he remained committed to his people and his empire, and he worked tirelessly to promote peace, prosperity, and stability throughout his territories.
Alp Arslan’s legacy as a wise and just ruler, a patron of the arts and education, and a skilled military commander continues to be celebrated to this day, and he remains an important figure in the history of the Middle East.
The Downfall of the Great Seljuks:
Despite the many achievements of the Seljuk Empire under the leadership of Alp Arslan and his successors, the empire eventually succumbed to a combination of external and internal factors.
One of the key external factors was the Mongol Empire, led by Genghis Khan, which swept across Asia in the early 13th century and brought down many of the great powers of the region, including the Seljuk Empire. The Mongols were fierce warriors and skilled tacticians, and they were able to defeat much larger and more powerful armies through their use of advanced military tactics and weaponry.
In addition to external threats, the Seljuk Empire was also weakened by internal divisions and conflicts. Succession struggles and rivalries among various factions within the empire created instability and made it difficult to maintain a unified front against external threats. In some cases, Seljuk rulers even turned against each other, leading to civil wars and further weakening the empire.
As the external and internal pressures mounted, the Seljuk Empire gradually declined and was eventually absorbed by other powers in the region. Nevertheless, the legacy of the Great Seljuks lives on, and their achievements in the areas of art, culture, and governance continue to be celebrated today.
Alp Arslan was one of the greatest rulers of the Middle Ages, whose legacy continues to inspire and fascinate people to this day. His life and achievements are a testament to the power of leadership, courage, and vision, and serve as a reminder of the enduring human spirit.